• Mapping Design Criteria



    Rag Chair by Tejo Remy (Droog Design)

    • Formal Criteria: A chair is layered from the contents of 15 bags of rags (upcycled rags). (2) The rags along with a steel strip structure and re-used ply wood to make the chair to stay in shape. The dimension is 60 X 60 X 100 cm.
    • Functional Criteria: A chair that made use of reused materials.
    • Ethical Criteria: The idea of reusing materials in a new way and involving the user of this product to create something unique. It arrives ready made but the user has the option to recycle their own discarded clothes to be included in the design. Tejo makes use of rags that people normally throw away, to design an original and interesting looking chair. While each chair would be different.(1)
    • Cost Criteria: US$5, 500. Probably upper class can afford to purchase this piece. I believe it is not necessary to purchase this piece, but I admire the idea of recycling your own things and create something interesting, instead of throwing them away.

    References: 1)http://www.greenergrassdesign.com/ragchairbydroog.html 2)http://www.unicahome.com/catalog/item.asp?id=27746&PartnerID=FR

    Panton Chair by Verner Panton

    • Formal Criteria: The organic Panton Chair is produced by using cold-pressed, fiberglass reinforced polyester with the use of a mold. It is the first chair to be made in one piece entirely from synthetic material, pushing plastic’s potential to create a chair that was literally all made of one piece. Nowadays, these chairs are made of flexible polypropylene, which is light-weight and easy to carry around. It is suitable for indoor and outdoor because it is durable and weather resistant. The piece also came in different colors to cater to different types of users. The exploration of using new materials and methods for production (technology) helped Panton to develop a chair that was thought impossible to create during that period of time. The dimensions: 19”W X 33”H X 21”D
    • Functional Criteria: The piece was very sculpture-like especially due to the jutting curve design of its ergonomically shaped seat.
    • Ethical Criteria: The idea of stackable chairs is for easy arrangement and help to save space. The organic form is based on ergonomic research, which allows users to have correct seating postures.
    • Cost Criteria: US $ 245. A product for middle class and upper class.

    References: 1)http://www.designpublic.com/shop/vitra/1179

    Iphone 3G by Apple

    • Formal Criteria: The 9 cm (3.5 in ) liquid crystal display (320x480 px at 6.3 px/mm, 160 ppi) HVGA touchscreen with scratch resistant glass (large screen). (1) The plastic back is slightly curved to provide holding comforts. It comes in black and white. The dimension is 4.5 inches (115.5 mm) (h) X 2.4 inches (62.1 mm) (w) X 0.48 inch (12.3 mm) (d).
    • Functional Criteria: (ALL-IN-ONE) It combines a cell phone, camera, wireless e-mail, mobile data, digital music (iPod), and video (including YouTube videos) and photo viewing. Mobile data includes text messaging, weather, stock quotes, Google maps, and full-blown access to the internet. (2)
    • Ethical Criteria: Iphone contains different applications, such as GPS system and google map that allows users to find locations easily. These applications help to improve users lifestyles, access information easily and increase efficiency and productivity. Despite that Apple uses toxic materials and substances in the phone, which is harmful to the environment and to us.
    • Cost Criteria: US $199 for 8GB model and US $ 299 for 16GB model. The target users are middle class.

    References: 1)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iphone 2)http://ergonomics.about.com/od/buyingguide/fr/iphone.htm

    Paper Puff Table by Carla Tennebaum

    • Formal Criteria: “The designer uses compressed recycled brown paper to create a geometric puff.”(1) Texture: Rough surface with gaps and holes in between. The dimension is 15”w X 15”l X 18”h.
    • Functional Criteria: It is sturdy enough to be used as a stool or table.
    • Ethical Criteria: The use of compression method in a way to reduce waste. To use recycled materials to produce a piece of furniture. The idea is to recycle them again after usage. This helps to encourage users to use recycle materials more often. However, this piece may not able to last for a long period of time; since the material is not as durable as a piece of wooden furniture.
    • Cost Criteria: It costs US$225

    References: 1)http://bedzine.com/blog/bed-furniture/the-paper-puff/

    Herzog and DeMeuron’s Olympic Stadium

    • Formal Criteria: It is also referred to the “Bird’s Nest” due to the outward appearance. “The stadium consists of an inner bowl of concrete seating surrounded by a façade of twisted steel frame, with a public concourse area between the two. The stadium capacity of approximately 80 000 people during the games. The variation in the height of the stands between the major and minor axes of the ellipse allows for the majority of spectators to be seated along the longest length of the track, and ensures that all spectators are within the same radius of view from the corners of the field. The structure encloses a volume approximately 333 meters long by 284 meters wide and 69 meters tall. In all, approximately 40 000 tons of steel were used during the construction.” (2)
    • Functional Criteria: “A stadium for China Olympic 2008. The building is intended to house the opening and closing ceremonies, as well as the track and field events.” (3) It also host other sporting events, such as football. A shopping mall and a hotel are planned to help increase use after Olympics.
    • Ethical Criteria: “The stadium is an innovative building in terms of its design and the way it functions through its use of biominmicry, to influence buildings and create safer, healthier, economically and environmentally responsible structures. Its green features include a rainwater collection system, a translucent roof that provides essential sunlight for the grass below, and a natural, passive ventilation system.”(3)
    • Cost Criteria: The construction budget reduced from $500 million to $290 million after the removal of many elements, such as the retractable roof.

    References: 1)http://www.inhabitat.com/2007/03/07/beijings-olympic-stadium-by-herzog-and-demeuron/ 2)http://www.mcgill.ca/files/architecture/BiomimicrySSEFessay2007.pdf 3)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BeijingNationalStadium

  • Tomatoes_177_

    hi Michael, Sorry it has taken me so long to get to respond to your postings. I have been following with some interest the two threads you are following. The first thing you talked about was your idea that furniture and other products that people surround themselves do not have to reflect a global design aesthetic, where cultural difference is subsumed in the general diversity and ever-increasing reach of flattening technologies, such as internet and cell phone, but rather should be driven by local decorative styles. But you also write enthusiastically about various high tech methods for incorporating recycled fibers and other post-consumer materials in furniture. I think there may be a fascinating overlap here between these two themes. After all, each culture has different garbage, and different customs and traditions about how to think about and process waste. It seems to me that there might be a really interesting project in which one explored ways to make synthetic building materials that are composed of locally available trash. Of course, this furniture wound not be mass produced, because each location would be doing it with their own garbage. If you had a factory, and you were making furniture specifically and only for people who live in Hong Kong, can you really achieve the economies of scale that people expect with consumer products (even if you are GOD)? I would guess, just like with locally grown food at farmer's markets here in NYC, it's more expensive to buy food that is grown in small quantities, but it might be more satisfying, because it connects you to the place that you are living, in a very literal way. I'm looking forward to seeing where you go next. steven

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