Acid attacks are a violent phenomena that primarily occur in Afganistan, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and other Asian countries. Perpetrators of these attacks throw acid at their victims (usually at their faces), burning them. Jordan Swanson states that sulfuric acid when thrown on a human body, causes skin tissue to melt, often exposing bones below the flesh, sometimes even dissolving the bones. The consequences of these attacks include permanent scarring of the face and body as well as potential blindness. Acid attacks are sometimes referred to as vitriolage. Eighty percent of all acid attack victims are female; and almost 40% are under 18 years of age.