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Hiking Machu Picchu: the Inca Trail and other trek routes
The Inca Trail is without a doubt Peru's hottest trekking route. Recommended for the physical fit only, it goes for significantly more than 40km and reaches 4,200 m.a.s.l. at its highest level, the Warmiwauska or Dead Woman's Pass.
The walk, found in 1960 and part of the over 23,000 km of roads built by the Incas across South America, crosses an amazing variety of natural landscapes and eco-systems, from thick tropical jungle to the bear, unwelcoming rocks of the Andean mountains. Overall it is one of the most beautiful walk-in South America.
The Trail requires 3 to 4 days of hard hiking, and may be commenced at Chillca (Kilometre 76 of the Cusco-Machu Picchu railway) or, most often, at Qorihuayrachina, Kilometre 88 of the railway.
The very first time is relatively simple, and includes along the route the Inca ruins of Cusichaca, Q'ente, Pulpituyoc, and Llaqtapata, a site used for crop production remained well preserved. The next day is the hardest of all, mainly because the ascent becomes increasingly high. The trail follows original Inca stonework that climbs constant, stopping just short of the actual Warmiwauska or Dead Woman's pass, at 4,200 m.a.s.l.
The crossing of the pass opens day three, after hiking within the Pacaymayo valley. From here its downhill. The Trail descends into the area and heads to the restored website of Runkuraqay, a tiny Inca watch post, and then to Sayaqmarka, perched atop a sheer cliff, from where you can see the start of the massive Amazon jungle, stretching to Brazil. The final day is another easy day, mainly descending and passing through jungles and cloud forests before reaching Machu Picchu, Perus most critical tourist site, through the Inti Punku or Gateway of the Sun. In case people need to discover further about base camp trek, we recommend many databases you might pursue. To read additional info, please check out: private expeditions.
Before going for the trail, you ought to spend at the very least 4-8 hours in Cusco acclimatising, as it features some tough climbing, including several hours above 3,500 m.a.s.l. Usually, Acute Mountain sickness (altitude sickness) could make your first couple of days very uncomfortable.
Throughout the high-season, from June to August, you need to book well ahead of time -at least 3 months-, since the variety of travel permits issued is restricted to 500 per day (including tour guides and porters).
Other hiking routes: The Royal or Sacred Way
Right before returning to Aguas Calientes, at km. In case you want to identify further about machu picchu trek, we know about many databases you should think about pursuing. 104 of the train rails, this course takes the direction to Phuyupatamarca, rising up terraces and stone steps. After 2 hours of walking you arrive to the recently discovered and beautifully Wiay Wayna damages.
Looking over the Urubamba river and found on a steep mountain slope, Wiay Wayna is a great example of Inca terrace structure. The name means 'forever young' in Quechua but authorities still argue upon the meaning: some consider it refers to the vibrant orchids that fill the surroundings, while others say the name alludes to the Inca rituals and ceremonies celebrated in the complex.
The road then converges in the Inca Trail, arriving to Machu Picchu via the Sun Gate, Inti Punko. The route requires some 6 hours, and can be carried out in alternative to the Inca Trail if the latter is regarded as to tough. A permit is needed with this path.
Area of the Inca Trail process, this route has been recently found by archaeologists. It begins at km. 107 of the railway track (3km upstream from Aguas Calientes), close to the hydroelectric exit tube.
After crossing the hanging bridge, it follows for the Choquesuisui gully, and ascends until it satisfies the Inca Trail near Wiay Wayna. The name, Purification Trail, refers to the pools formed by the stream that runs alongside the path.
This dangerous and stressful 3-hour walk (round trip) involves the spectacular view to a great reward: of the Machu Picchu land-scape. Putucusi (~~'~ content mountain' in Quechua) is just a round-shaped mountain that reaches 2,600 m.a.s.l. at its peak, and is located throughout the valley in the Inca citadel.
This can be a challenging walk (only possible through the dry season, March to November), that involves extreme ladder climbs and slick scrambling. Some ladders, loaded to the wall, even rise for 2-0 yards in almost a 90 degree inclination.
Recommended if you have a good amount of conditioning only.