Here is an article from TreeHugger which addressed the second issue I would like to pursue:
Medical Waste: The proper disposal of medical waste is a serious issue. It cannot simply be burned and disposed of once it has been used. Because of the caution and expense required to properly dispose of it, much of the infectious waste is either dumped in the ocean or burned illegally which emits harmful gases. More people allowed healthcare insurance would mean more medical waste and perhaps more illegal disposal practices. For now, here is an example of the proper way to eliminate the waste.