Using router bits gives a straight, precise cut for different purposes. Different designs of cuts are available. The straight, rabbeting, chamfer, edging, molding, stile and rail and raised panels for doors and just a few of these choices. There is also a flush trim router bit and joinery ones. Each of them are used for a specific purpose, whether for decoration or for joining pieces of wood with a precise joint.
Some of these cuts are more utilitarian that they are decorative. There are those that cut grooves, or dadoes, and others cut notches. Some even are capable of cutting several identical versions of a particular design, using a template. These are for more utility that decoration. Whether you want a decorative element or merely a joinery determines what particular tool you will require.
Some tips have a bearing that guides the cut around a particular template to produce identical cuts. These tips are great for making multiple copies of the same design, producing an identical match for certain assemblies. The use of them makes cutting accurate, fast, and very easy. The tips are called by different names according to the type of cut they make.
Some cuts are designed to make decorative edges. These include the beveled edge, rounded edges, and an "S" shape, called an ogee. Edge beading is a rounded profile on an edge or corner. This particular cut forms a rounded or beaded design along the edge of a wood surface. Cove edge designs are concave quarter-circles cut along an edge and add a decorative accent.
Molding designs and door construction designs are used for architectural accents and require the use of a particular style of bits. These frames and stile designs are used as an architectural design between the horizontal boards, or rails, and vertical ones, or stiles. Having a perfect match in this design shows quality and that effort was used in the construction. This construction requires a particular edging tool.
There are also cuts that are designed to make joints that join two pieces of wood in a neat, secure manner. Dovetail, drawer lock, lock miter, and finger joints are just some of the variety of cuts. A dovetail is used with a dovetail jig to make a secure, strong joint. These are often seen in quality furniture pieces.
There are only a few steps to using templates for making identical-patterned cuts. Before starting, attach the template to the wood to be cut, preferably with double sided tape. Secure it on the work table. Letting the guided tip just touch the template, and with the bit raised, start the motor. Then, ease the bit into the wood. Cut in a counterclockwise direction. Once finished with the cut, raise the tips and turn off the motor.
A flush trim router bit, one of the bearing guided types, is great for cutting several parts using a template to guide it. It follows the contours of the template, so each piece comes out identical in design and dimensions. They can have the bearing either over of under the cutting edge. Make sure to have the template placed appropriately for the placement of the bearing.
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