Pleural effusion is a medical condition where there is an excessive accumulation of fluid in the lungs, particularly in the pleural space. This leads to difficulty in breathing due to the limited capacity of the lungs to expand, and pre-disposes patients further to other serious health problems, or may aggravate current medical state.
Four types of fluids may accumulate in the pleural space or cavity— Serous fluid which leads to hydrothorax; Blood which leads to hemothorax; Chyle which leads to chylothorax and is also known as chyle leak; and lastly, pus, which leads to pyothorax or purulent pleuritis.
Clinical signs in patients are usually detectable, especially in cases where there is a fluid accumulation of more than 300ml, some of which are:
• Pleural friction rub • Diminished breathing sounds, especially on the affected side of the lungs • Decreased chest movement, especially on the affected side of the lungs • Decreased vocal resonance • Decreased fermitus (palpable vibration on the body) • Stony dullness (when percussion is applied over the fluid) • Egophony or increased resonance of voice sounds, when checking the lungs via stethoscope • Bronchial breathing
There are various causes of <a href="http://www.treatpleuraleffusion.com">pleural effusion</a> and are commonly categorized into “transudative” and “exudative”. Though there are other identified causes that do not fall under any of these two categories. Transudative pleu...