All methodological and non-methodological books agree with the logic which provides that graphic design is not graphic art on the strength that graphic art is older than graphic design and is as old as man and has evolved with his evolution. Graphic art was defined as the art of obtaining repetitive copies of an item to be printed and bearing same specifications. It is the techniques of engraving and printing by using the Litho stone and zinc, through dry and wet engraving methods and other methods. However, graphic design is the art of arranging the elements of certain item to be printed or displayed visually.
Printing started at several peoples like Egyptians, Assyrians, Samarians and Chinese. It started with cylindrical stamps through clay capsules then wax until they discovered wooden modules and Litho stones that became one of the most important means for labels printing and that at its time it was a technical revolution. Printing developed with the use of stencil, silk fabric, offset and rotogravure and the emergence of metal printing. These and other methods need a special type of design that should be provided with what matches it.
Therefore, graphic design was the closest to printing, knowledge and service as such, printing development had a prominent effect on graphic design, and where both were associated with computer and on both a special kind of systems was imposed in a manner consistent with the production line of each.
Printing development was and still fas...