Practicality: This design re-uses standard 20’ x 8’ x 8’ steel shipping containers for delivery of food, water, restroom, shower, first aid and communication needs to a disaster site. They are delivered to the disaster zone in a compacted, state by standard trucks and forklifts. They can be quickly assembled and disassembled as needed. Electric and plumbing can be adapted to site resource availability as they are connected on site.
Ecology: As mentioned above, this design re-uses standard shipping crates as the structure envelop. Wall and roof fenestration enhance natural light and air flow. Roof fenestration brings light and air into the crates through a 2’ x 2’ grid system of glass and screen that opens in individual sections. Wall fenestration on opposite crate sides can open at different levels to pull air through the compartment. The location of this fenestration enables various crate orientations depending on site location’s prevailing winds. Composting toilets and low-flow automatic faucets supply the plumbing needs. Materials include recycled rubber flooring, recycled concrete sink and counter surfaces, recycled toilet and shower partitions and kirei board cabinetry.
Creativity: Using the standard shipping crate represents a creative, practical and ecological problem solution. The crates expand to accommodate necessary circulation space. Additional pullouts serve as elevated walkways, railings and stairs to access stacked compartments. Exterior walls open on hinges to create awnings, providing shade. The ventilation system and materials described above are other examples of creative, ecological resolutions.
Effectiveness: Included is an application of this design that services 10,000 people in a 250 foot square city block. Arrangement and stacking assist in way finding and create courtyard and shaded spaces. Varying compartment configurations allow visitors to locate themselves in the site and understand its circulation. Courtyards and shaded spaces provide comfort and intimacy in a time of disaster.