Competition Details

Mobile Green Disaster Shelter

by JMG
Co-authors: Alex Hine

The Mobile Green Disaster Shelter is designed to be deployed in warmer climates as temporary housing. All of the components can easily be transported in the back of a small pickup truck or air dropped at the site. The shelter’s components are lightweight and can easily be assembled by one person without any previous experience or tools. Instructions are simple, based on matching symbols, such that any adult, literate or illiterate, in any culture can build the shelter. The structure is modular and each component is built similar to folding a box. Then each part can slide into place without glue or tape. Every segment/box has air pockets to act as insulation because air is a great insulator.
Once constructed, each shelter can house four individuals. For added privacy, there is a curtain to separate the room. There are windows located on each wall that can be opened. The floor is raised off the ground to allow for plumbing or wires. Except for the floor panels, the shelter would be made from bioplastic that only degrade during industrial recycling. Bioplastics do not use petrochemicals and cost roughly the same amount as regular plastic. The floor panels would be made from sustainable wood. Since the structure is built entirely without, harmful chemicals, glues or tape, none of the components would off-gas harmful vapors.
The walls are slightly translucent to allow natural light to enter the structure during the day and polarized to reflect the heat generated from the sun. A light is provided for night. A cluster of these structures would form a small community, where separate structures would provide water and waste services. This keeps cost of each structure low. The components for this shelter would be manufactured the same way packages or cardboard boxes are currently produced.