Calling for Power of Design in Action

Competition Details

Jinsei: Designing for blood transfusion testing in Disaster Relief

by Ayan Bhandari

Currently, the blood testing process is not sufficient enough to meet the needs during a natural disaster. In the Pakistan earthquake of 2005, 600,000 units of blood were requested within the first 72 hours. Since blood takes over 8 hours to be fully tested, all 600,000 units made it but only 300,000 were used because it was too late, most of the people that needed the blood had died. The rest of the units were discarded because of storage issues. Technology is advancing, and we are developing faster and more sufficient ways to test blood. The FDA is approving methods of rapid screen testing whole blood for multiple diseases, especially the ones required to test donated blood for transfusion. These include HIV, Hepatitis B and C, and Syphilis. By combining the advancements of disease testing and the process of industrial design, a faster, more efficient way of testing blood is possible. We can test blood in twenty minutes and have it get to a site in more than half the time. We can save more lives and keep the process more efficient. Jinsei is the Japanese word for life , by re-designing a faster way to test donated blood for HIV, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, and Syphilis we can send blood units to a disaster site faster and save more lives. Jinsei is friendly, efficient, and cost effective. Instead of using four to eight vials to test for different diseases we only have to use one or two, allowing for a more sustainable approach. The threading and cap allows the blood to be stored longer without letting it thaw, therefore making it re-testable in the future. Blood is the fragile scarlet tree we carry within us and we must protect it and use it to save those in need.