Since the first United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in 1992, governments all over the world have discussed the issue of global warming and developed various policies in an effort to solve the problem.
However, it has been difficult to realize these policies on a worldwide scale due to high investment costs and the differing interests of each country. One of the key factors in preventing global warming is technological innovation.
CO2 emissions are one of the causes of global warming. The exhaust fumes from petrol and diesel engines are one of the sources of C02. In 2005, the number of cars in the world exceeded nine hundred million.
In 2010, there were already some electric cars on the market, but there was still a long way to go before they became widely popular. What is more, second-hand petrol and diesel cars from developed nations were often resold in African countries. This phenomenon meant that, despite the spread of electrical cars in most developed nations, the elimination of all petrol and diesel cars – necessary to reduce worldwide carbon emissions significantly – was still a distant prospect.
Now, in 2040, various African countries – the “treasure troves of sustainable energy” – and nations with new technologies are cooperating to create a new kind of trade. The sustainable energy of solar power will be exported from nations in Africa to nations where sunshine is a scarce commodity. In exchange, the developed countries, with their economic muscle and new technologies, will provide African countries with solar-powered cars. A new and innovate business is taking shape. It promises world economic growth, coupled with equality and environmental protection.